Parkinson’s Disease in Men and Women. What's the Difference? Cerri, Silvia, Mus, Liudmila, and Blandini, Fabio. ‘Parkinson’s Disease in Women and Men: What’s the Difference?’ 1 Jan. 2019 : 501 – 515. https://content.iospress.com/articles/journal-of-parkinsons-disease/jpd191683
Men and women with PD differ substantially in multiple dimensions including risk factors, progression, and how they experience the disease. A recent analysis in the Journal of Parkinson’s Disease outlined the role of biological sex an important factor in the development, expression, and progression of Parkinson’s Disease. A review using a meta-analysis showed that age related incidence of PD is rising for both men and women, but with a steeper increase for men between the ages of 60 and 79. Because motor symptom deficits are a major factor for diagnosing PD, the fact that motor symptom issues emerge later for women is a concern for ensuring women receive supportive interventions early in PD progression. Women with PD are associated with more severe episodes of anxiety, while men with PD are associated with more impulse control issues, and REM sleep issues. Risk factors are also different for men and women with men showing risk with elevated cholesterol levels, and women for low physical activity. CLICK TO READ THE FULL PAPER
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